Understanding Hypertension for Dummies

Understanding Hypertension

Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition when blood pressure is at a value of 130/80 mmHg or more. This condition can be dangerous, because the heart is forced to pump blood harder throughout the body, so that it can lead to various diseases, such as kidney failure, stroke, and heart failure.

How to measure blood pressure

Blood pressure is divided into two systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure is the pressure when the heart pumps blood throughout the body. While diastolic blood pressure is the pressure when the heart muscle relaxes, before returning to pump blood.

In its records, systolic blood pressure is written ahead of diastolic blood pressure, and has a higher number. According to the Association of Cardiologists in the United States, AHA, in 2017, blood pressure is classified as follows:

  • Normal: under 120/80 mmHg.
  • Increases: range from 120-129 for systolic pressure and <80 mmHg for diastolic pressure.
  • Level 1 hypertension: 130/80 mmHg to 139/89 mmHg.
  • Level 2 hypertension: 140/90 or higher.

Causes and Risk Factors for Hypertension

High blood pressure is often unknown causes. However, there are several conditions that can trigger high blood pressure, including:

  • Pregnancy
  • Alcohol addiction
  • Drug abuse
  • Kidney disorders
  • Respiratory disorders during sleep.
Although it can happen to everyone, there are several factors that can increase a person's risk of developing high blood pressure, such as:

  • Elderly
  • Having a family suffering from hypertension
  • Have a smoking habit
  • Rarely exercise.

Treatment and Prevention of Hypertension

Living a healthy lifestyle can reduce and prevent hypertension. Some ways that can be done are:

  • Eat healthy foods.
  • Maintain ideal body weight.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Quit smoking.

Some hypertension patients are required to take blood pressure-lowering drugs for the rest of their lives. Therefore, it is important to take precautionary steps as early as possible, especially if you have risk factors for hypertension.

Complications of hypertension

High blood pressure can damage blood vessels and other organs in the body. If left hypertension can cause serious illnesses, such as:

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Vision loss
  • Aneurysms are formed
  • Kidney failure
To read other articles about hypertension, read here https://healthylivingroom.com/hypertension-is/

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