Stomach Cancer Health Anxiety

Stomach Cancer


To make sure someone releases stomach cancer, the doctor will carry out further examinations consisting of:

1. Gastroscopy


Gastroscopy or gastric Binocular is done by inserting a device such as a hose that has a camera into the stomach through the mouth. This tool can help doctors to see the condition of the stomach, as well as taking gastric tissue samples to be discussed in the laboratory.


2. X-rays


X-rays can help doctors see the presence of abnormalities in the stomach lining. To make the results clearer, the patient will need a special solution, before the examination is carried out.


3. Blood test


Blood tests in the laboratory are done to find out if there is Helicobacter pylori infection, as well as to check the function of other body organs, such as the liver and kidneys.


4. Stool test


The doctor can also take a sample of the patient to receive blood in the stool.


5. Ultrasound of the stomach


Examination using ultrasonic waves is intended to see whether the cancer has invaded other digestive organs, especially the liver.


6. CT scan


CT scan is performed to determine the development and spread of cancer.


7. Laparoscopic Surgery


This examination procedure is done with a tool such as gastroscopy, but is inserted through a small incision in the abdominal wall. Laparoscopic Surgery.


Stages of Development of Gastric Cancer


Based on the severity and spread, gastric cancer is divided into 4 stages, namely:

Stage 1

At this stage, the cancer is in the inner lining of the stomach cavity and spreads to the surrounding lymph nodes.


Stage 2

At this stage, the cancer has invaded the stomach muscle lining and spread more and more to the lymph nodes.

Stage 3

At this stage, the entire stomach lining is already gnawed with cancer or many small cancerous growths that spread widely to the lymph nodes.

Stage 4

The spread of gastric cancer at this stage is getting worse and reaches other organs.
Determination of the severity of gastric cancer can be done through examinations described previously. Determining the stage will help the doctor to provide appropriate treatment.

Treatment for Gastric Cancer


The method of treating gastric cancer depends on the stage of the cancer as well as the patient's general health condition. Whereas the chance to recover from gastric cancer depends on the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis, and the patient's health and age.

Types of treatment that can be undertaken include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and targeted drug therapy. The four types of treatment are often combined, so that cancer cells in the stomach can be killed optimally.

Operation

Gastric surgery is performed to remove cancerous tissue from the stomach. The type of surgery performed depends on the stage of the patient's cancer. If the cancer is still in its early stages and has just developed in the inner lining of the stomach, surgery can be done with the help of a gastroscopy.

Another surgical method that doctors can choose to treat gastric cancer is gastrectomy. Through this procedure, the doctor will remove some or all parts of the stomach affected by cancer.

Gastrectomy is performed if the cancerous tissue has spread to other parts of the stomach to the tissue around the stomach. Through gastrectomy, some tissue around the stomach and lymph nodes can be removed.

Surgery, especially gastrectomy, risks causing complications such as bleeding, infection, and digestive disorders.

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy is done to kill cancer cells using special light. The radiation beam used to kill cancer cells can come from a device placed in the skin near the patient's stomach (internal radiation) or using a special radiation device in the hospital (external radiation).

Radiotherapy can be done before or after other cancer treatments. Radiotherapy performed before the patient undergoes surgery aims to reduce the size of the cancer. While radiotherapy after surgery aims to eradicate the remaining cancer cells after surgery.

Radiotherapy must be done routinely and the schedule will be arranged by a doctor. Although there is no pain when the radiotherapy procedure is done, patients can experience side effects afterwards, in the form of diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and digestive disorders.

Chemotherapy


Chemotherapy is a treatment to kill cancer cells by administering a number of drugs. Chemotherapy drugs can be in the form of tablets, infusions, or a combination of both. Chemotherapy drugs are usually a combination of 2 or 3 of the following types of drugs:


  • Epirubicin
  • Cisplatin
  • Capecitabine
  • Fluorouracil
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Irinotecan


Chemotherapy will be combined with radiotherapy or surgery. For advanced, non-operable, advanced gastric cancer, chemotherapy can help inhibit the development of cancer and relieve symptoms.

Chemotherapy can be done for several weeks to several months. This procedure will cause several side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, hair loss, and weight loss. Usually these side effects will disappear after chemotherapy treatment ends.

Targeted Drug Therapy


Targeted drug therapy has two functions, namely attacking cells that have genetic mutations into cancer cells, or stimulating the immune system to eradicate these cells. Targeted drug therapy can be combined with chemotherapy. Some types of drugs used in targeted drug therapy are:


  • Imatinib
  • Regorafenib
  • Sunitinib
  • Trastuzumab
  • Ramucirumab


In end-stage gastric cancer, treatment is usually only focused on reducing symptoms, so that patients feel more comfortable.

Prevention of Gastric Cancer


To avoid gastric cancer, you can take the following steps:


  • Stopping or avoiding smoking habits.
  • Implement a healthy diet, for example eating foods rich in fiber, and reducing salty foods and processed foods.
  • Maintain ideal body weight.


Because the symptoms of gastric cancer are almost the same as some other gastric problems, the sufferer is generally unaware until gastric cancer is at a high stage when diagnosed. According to research, as many as fifteen percent of patients with gastric cancer can still live at least the next five years after diagnosis and about eleven percent of those diagnosed can still live at least the next ten years.

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