Hearthburn Drugs Cancer

Gastric cancer is a disease that occurs due to abnormal and uncontrolled growth of stomach cells. This abnormal cell growth occurs because cells undergo genetic changes.

Gastric cancer rarely causes specific symptoms at an early stage. Symptoms can be flatulence or heartburn, and often only considered as complaints of heartburn.

This condition makes it difficult for stomach cancer to be diagnosed early, and generally only diagnosed after entering the final stage. This will certainly affect the chances of recovery.

Causes of Gastric Cancer


Stomach cancer occurs due to genetic changes (mutations) in stomach cells, which cause these cells to grow abnormally and out of control. These cells are called cancer cells.

The cause of genetic changes in gastric cells is not yet known with certainty. However, there are several factors known to increase a person's risk of developing gastric cancer, namely:


  • Smoke
  • 55 years and over
  • Male sex
  • Having a family member with a history of stomach cancer
  • Had surgery on the stomach

Gastric cancer is also more likely to occur in people who have experienced the following diseases:

  • Pylori bacterial infection.
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection.
  • Chronic gastric inflammation.
  • Anemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Polyp in the stomach.
  • A weak immune system, for example due to HIV / AIDS or the use of immunosuppressive drugs in the long term.
  • Other types of cancer, such as lymphoma, esophageal cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and cervical cancer.
In addition to these factors, lifestyle and diet can also increase a person's risk of developing gastric cancer. The lifestyle in question is:

  • Frequently eat meat, especially processed meat.
  • Frequently eat processed foods and high in salt.
  • Drink alcohol often.
  • Not storing and cooking food properly.
  • Rarely eat vegetables and fruit.
  • Rarely exercise.
  • Overweight or obese.

Symptoms of Gastric Cancer

Gastric cancer in the early stages often does not cause symptoms. Even if symptoms appear, they are generally considered to be a symptom of an ordinary heartburn. The following are some of the symptoms that can be felt by people with stomach cancer in the early stages:

  • Flatulence and belching
  • Heartburn
  • Rising stomach acid (heartburn)
  • Fast full when eating
  • Nausea
  • Throw up
Advanced stage gastric cancer will cause more severe symptoms. At this stage, new sufferers generally come for treatment to the doctor. Some symptoms of gastric cancer at an advanced stage are:

  • Vomiting blood
  • Black stools or bloody stools
  • Lack of blood or anemia
  • Jaundice
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • The body feels weak
  • Swelling in the abdomen due to fluid buildup.

When to see a doctor


If you often experience heartburn complaints or recurrent digestive disorders, you should consult a gastroenterologist. Gastroenterologist can perform gastric binoculars (gastroscopy), to see the condition in the stomach.

Vomiting of blood or bloody stools can make patients with stomach cancer experience shock that can be fatal. Immediately to the nearest hospital emergency room if you experience these complaints to get treatment immediately.

Gastric Cancer Diagnosis

If vomiting occurs, the doctor will first take care to stabilize the patient's condition. After the patient's condition is stable, the doctor will ask for the symptoms that are felt, the patient's medical history, and diseases that exist in his family, especially cancer.

Next, the doctor will do a physical examination on the patient's stomach to see the swelling and pain when the stomach is pressed. The doctor can also do a digital rectal examination to detect the presence of bloody bowel movements.

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